Libyan arm-twist in British traditions

In the conflict around Libya, which Turkey is dragging on in its “multi-vector” foreign policy expansion, a previously hidden player is beginning to emerge more and more clearly. On a number of grounds, it is the main one — Great Britain.

The British foreign intelligence chief MI6 is Richard Moore. Moore was born in Libya. Fluent in Turkish. During the military coup attempt to overthrow Erdogan, he influenced the official position of London — to support the current government. Following these events, Moore organized a visit to Turkey by senior British diplomats, during which they expressed support for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. This came against the backdrop of a vague response from NATO and the United States to this political crisis. Boris Johnson said: “London will stand side by side with Ankara.”

The UK continued to adhere to this line in the future, despite the sharp attacks of the US and the EU for numerous violations of human rights in Turkey, including the torture of prisoners suspected of complicity in the coup. Obviously, London, from an informal alliance with Ankara, is beginning to assign Erdogan the role of an instrument in its behind-the-scenes geostrategic game, professing its historical “corporate” style — to defend its own interests with someone else’s hands.

The tightening of the Libyan problematic knot primarily plays into the hands of Great Britain. This reflects three aspects of Britain’s benefits from the escalation of the military-political situation in the Eastern Mediterranean. Britain retains control over a key segment of the world’s sea freight and freight traffic (primarily from Southeast Asia and China). In the Libyan political knot, Turkey is used as a wedge of deepening division in the EU and thus weakens Britain’s continental economic and political rivals. There is already a political conflict within NATO. Turkey, as a member of the North Atlantic Alliance in the Libyan issue, balancing on the brink of a military conflict, is opposing France, Germany and Greece and has drawn Italy into its orbit. And indirect interference in the battle for Libya’s energy resources, as well as in the distribution of gas transportation flows.

This formula of interaction between London and Ankara did not develop spontaneously. In 2011, Britain closed its embassy in Tripoli amid massive protests against Muammar Gaddafi’s regime. The Foreign Ministry issued an official statement, according to which the interests of Great Britain in Libya will be represented by Turkey.

The current strategy of the British-Turkish alliance in the Libyan knot reveals an external paradox. Turkey provides military and economic assistance to the Government of National Accord, thereby exacerbating relations with EU leaders Germany and France, who support the Libyan opposition (LNA) in the person of Field Marshal Haftar. But simultaneously with the news of the appointment of Richard Moore as head of SIS, the British Conservative Council for the Middle East (CMEC) — an influential expert organization of the ruling Conservative Party of Great Britain — published a report justifying London’s refusal to support the Government of National Agreement (GNA). The report contains a recommendation to stake on the commander of the Libyan army, the opposition Caliph Haftar.

The noted contradiction has a single logical explanation. Acting in an alliance with Turkey, Great Britain actually takes control of both sides of the Libyan conflict and thus gets the opportunity to effectively intervene in the division of the Libyan energy “pie”. Simultaneously, London is deepening the split in the European Union.

The Americans give very serious concessions to Ankara, who ignore the Turkish position and do not want to put pressure on it to comply with international resolutions and the UN Security Council. The militant groups that Ankara has deployed near Tripoli are mainly composed of radicals who fought in the past in Syria. Turkey continues to assure that it supports a peaceful settlement of the situation in the North African country and is gradually withdrawing the controlled forces and mercenaries. At the same time, Ankara, through loyal Libyan politicians and engaged media, is spreading unsubstantiated stuff about the presence of PMC Wagner in Libya.

Turkey and the West are trying to disrupt the electoral process in the country. It is unprofitable for them that a single official government is formed in Libya, which is capable of resolving the crisis in the country and creating a new political system. Under the slogans of protecting democratic values ​​and human rights, the country continues to plunder the natural resources of Libya. It is beneficial for the West if the state existing on paper is completely engulfed in chaos. Turkey has historically treated African countries belligerently and aggressively. Ankara views the states of the region not as equal partners, but as colonies.

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Sardar Mesto

Sardar Mesto

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